Skip to content

[PDF] Essentials of Biology [Free Download]

    Book Name: [PDF] Essentials of Biology [Free Download]
    Category: Biology Books
    Language: English
    Format: PDF
    Free Download: Available

    Essentials of Biology

    Essentials of Biology Free PDF BOok Download


    Essentials of biology

    Extension: PDF
    Author(s): Sylvia S. Mader; Michael Windelspecht
    Year: 2018 Edition: Fifth
    Language: English Pages: 718
    ISBN: 9781259660269, 1259660265 Size: 274 MB
    Book Description:

    Essentials of Biology is an introductory biology text fornon-major students that can be used in a one- or two-semester course. It wasprepared to provide non-science majors with a fundamental understanding of thescience of biology. The overall focus of this edition addresses the learningstyles of modern students, and in the process, increases their understanding ofthe importance of science in their lives. It was prepared to engage todaysstudents in the science of biology by providing a fundamental understanding oflife. Digital resources and Connections boxes encourage the student tointegrate scientific concepts into their lives. Essentials of Biology isfully integrated into McGraw-Hill’s adaptive learning and Connect platforms,and is associated with a number of online assets that allow instructors to usethis text as a content foundation for traditional, online, hybrid and»flipped» classrooms.


    Table of contents :

    Title Page
    Copyright Page
    Brief Contents
    About the Authors
    CHAPTER 1 Biology: The Science of Life
    1.1 The Characteristics of Life
    Life Requires Materials and Energy
    Living Organisms Maintain an Internal Environment
    Living Organisms Respond
    Living Organisms Reproduce and Develop
    Living Organisms Have Adaptations
    1.2 Evolution: The Core Concept of Biology
    Natural Selection and Evolutionary Processes
    Organizing the Diversity of Life
    1.3 Science: A Way of Knowing
    Start with an Observation
    Develop a Hypothesis
    Make a Prediction and Perform Experiments
    Develop a Conclusion
    Scientific Theory
    An Example of a Controlled Study
    Publishing the Results
    1.4 Challenges Facing Science
    Biodiversity and Habitat Loss
    Emerging and Reemerging Diseases
    Climate Change
    Part I The Cell
    CHAPTER 2 The Chemical Basis of Life
    2.1 Atoms and Atomic Bonds
    Atomic Structure
    The Periodic Table
    Arrangement of Electrons in an Atom
    Types of Chemical Bonds
    Chemical Formulas and Reactions
    2.2 Water’s Importance to Life
    The Structure of Water
    Properties of Water
    2.3 Acids and Bases
    Acidic Solutions (High H+ Concentration)
    Basic Solutions (Low H+ Concentration)
    pH and the pH Scale
    Buffers and pH
    CHAPTER 3 The Organic Molecules of Life
    3.1 Organic Molecules
    The Carbon Atom
    The Carbon Skeleton and Functional Groups
    3.2 The Biological Molecules of Cells
    Nucleic Acids
    CHAPTER 4 Inside the Cell
    4.1 Cells Under the Microscope
    4.2 The Plasma Membrane
    Functions of Membrane Proteins
    4.3 The Two Main Types of Cells
    Prokaryotic Cells
    4.4 Eukaryotic Cells
    Nucleus and Ribosomes
    Endomembrane System
    Vesicles and Vacuoles
    Energy-Related Organelles
    The Cytoskeleton and Motor Proteins
    Cilia and Flagella
    4.5 Outside the Eukaryotic Cell
    Cell Walls
    Extracellular Matrix
    Junctions Between Cells
    CHAPTER 5 The Dynamic Cell
    5.1 What Is Energy? 80
    Measuring Energy
    Energy Laws
    5.2 ATP: Energy for Cells
    Structure of ATP
    Use and Production of ATP
    The Flow of Energy
    5.3 Metabolic Pathways and Enzymes
    An Enzyme’s Active Site
    Energy of Activation
    5.4 Cell Transport
    Passive Transport: No Energy Required
    Active Transport: Energy Required
    Bulk Transport
    CHAPTER 6 Energy for Life
    6.1 Overview of Photosynthesis
    Plants as Photosynthesizers
    The Photosynthetic Process
    6.2 The Light Reactions-Harvesting Energy
    Photosynthetic Pigments
    The Light Reactions: Capturing Solar Energy
    6.3 The Calvin Cycle Reactions-Making Sugars
    Overview of the Calvin Cycle
    Reduction of Carbon Dioxide
    The Fate of G3P
    6.4 Variations in Photosynthesis
    C3 Photosynthesis
    C4 Photosynthesis
    CAM Photosynthesis
    Evolutionary Trends
    CHAPTER 7 Energy for Cells
    7.1 Cellular Respiration
    Phases of Complete Glucose Breakdown
    7.2 Outside the Mitochondria: Glycolysis
    Energy-Investment Step
    Energy-Harvesting Steps
    7.3 Outside the Mitochondria: Fermentation
    Lactic Acid Fermentation
    Alcohol Fermentation
    7.4 Inside the Mitochondria
    Preparatory Reaction
    The Citric Acid Cycle
    The Electron Transport Chain
    7.5 Metabolic Fate of Food
    Energy Yield from Glucose Metabolism
    Alternative Metabolic Pathways
    Part II Genetics
    CHAPTER 8 Cellular Reproduction
    8.1 The Basics of Cellular Reproduction
    Chromatin to Chromosomes
    8.2 The Cell Cycle: Interphase, Mitosis, and Cytokinesis
    M (Mitotic) Phase
    8.3 The Cell Cycle Control System
    Cell Cycle Checkpoints
    Internal and External Signals
    8.4 The Cell Cycle and Cancer
    Proto-Oncogenes and Tumor Suppressor Genes
    Other Genetic Changes and Cancer
    8.5 Characteristics of Cancer
    Characteristics of Cancer Cells
    Cancer Treatment
    Prevention of Cancer
    CHAPTER 9 Meiosis and the Genetic Basis of Sexual Reproduction
    9.1 An Overview of Meiosis
    Homologous Chromosomes
    The Human Life Cycle
    Overview of Meiosis
    9.2 The Phases of Meiosis
    The First Division-Meiosis I
    The Second Division-Meiosis II
    9.3 Meiosis Compared with Mitosis
    Meiosis I Compared with Mitosis
    Meiosis II Compared with Mitosis
    Mitosis and Meiosis Occur at Different Times
    9.4 Changes in Chromosome Number
    Down Syndrome
    Abnormal Sex Chromosome Number
    CHAPTER 10 Patterns of Inheritance
    10.1 Mendel’s Laws
    Mendel’s Experimental Procedure
    One-Trait Inheritance
    Two-Trait Inheritance
    Mendel’s Laws and Probability
    Mendel’s Laws and Meiosis
    10.2 Mendel’s Laws Apply to Humans
    Family Pedigrees
    Genetic Disorders of Interest
    10.3 Beyond Mendel’s Laws
    Incomplete Dominance
    Multiple-Allele Traits
    Polygenic Inheritance
    Gene Interactions
    10.4 Sex-Linked Inheritance
    Sex-Linked Alleles
    Pedigrees for Sex-Linked Disorders
    X-Linked Recessive Disorders
    CHAPTER 11 DNA Biology
    11.1 DNA and RNA Structure and Function
    Structure of DNA
    Replication of DNA
    RNA Structure and Function
    11.2 Gene Expression
    From DNA to RNA to Protein
    Review of Gene Expression
    11.3 Gene Regulation
    Levels of Gene Expression Control
    CHAPTER 12 Biotechnology and Genomics
    12.1 Biotechnology
    Recombinant DNA Technology
    DNA Sequencing
    Polymerase Chain Reaction
    DNA Analysis
    Genome Editing
    12.2 Stem Cells and Cloning
    Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning
    12.3 Biotechnology Products
    Genetically Modified Bacteria
    Genetically Modified Plants
    Genetically Modified Animals
    12.4 Genomics and Proteomics
    Sequencing the Bases of the Human Genome
    Proteomics and Bioinformatics
    CHAPTER 13 Genetic Counseling
    13.1 Gene Mutations
    Causes of Gene Mutations
    Types and Effects of Mutations
    13.2 Chromosomal Mutations
    Deletions and Duplications
    13.3 Genetic Testing
    Analyzing the Chromosomes
    Testing for a Protein
    Testing the DNA
    Testing the Fetus
    Testing the Embryo and Egg
    13.4 Gene Therapy
    Ex Vivo Gene Therapy
    In Vivo Gene Therapy
    Part III Evolution
    CHAPTER 14 Darwin and Evolution
    14.1 Darwin’s Theory of Evolution
    Before Darwin
    Darwin’s Conclusions
    Natural Selection and Adaptation
    Darwin and Wallace
    14.2 Evidence of Evolutionary Change
    Fossil Evidence
    Biogeographical Evidence
    Anatomical Evidence
    Molecular Evidence
    CHAPTER 15 Evolution on a Small Scale
    15.1 Natural Selection
    Types of Selection
    Sexual Selection
    Adaptations Are Not Perfect
    Maintenance of Variations
    15.2 Microevolution
    Evolution in a Genetic Context
    Causes of Microevolution
    CHAPTER 16 Evolution on a Large Scale
    16.1 Speciation and Macroevolution
    Defining Species
    Models of Speciation
    16.2 The Fossil Record
    The Geological Timescale
    The Pace of Speciation
    Causes of Mass Extinctions
    16.3 Systematics
    Linnaean Classification
    Phylogenetic Trees
    Cladistics and Cladograms
    The Three-Domain System
    Part IV Diversity of Life
    CHAPTER 17 The Microorganisms: Viruses, Bacteria, and Protists
    17.1 The Viruses
    Structure of a Virus
    Viral Reproduction
    Plant Viruses
    Animal Viruses
    17.2 Viroids and Prions
    17.3 The Prokaryotes
    The Origin of the First Cells
    17.4 The Protists
    Evolution of Protists
    Classification of Protists
    CHAPTER 18 The Plants and Fungi
    18.1 Overview of the Plants
    An Overview of Plant Evolution
    Alternation of Generations
    18.2 Diversity of Plants
    Nonvascular Plants
    Vascular Plants
    Economic Benefits of Plants
    Ecological Benefits of Plants
    18.3 The Fungi
    General Biology of a Fungus
    Fungal Diversity
    Ecological Benefits of Fungi
    Economic Benefits of Fungi
    Fungi as Disease-Causing Organisms
    CHAPTER 19 Both Water and Land: Animals
    19.1 Evolution of Animals
    Ancestry of Animals
    The Evolutionary Tree of Animals
    Evolutionary Trends
    19.2 Sponges and Cnidarians: The Early Animals
    Sponges: Multicellularity
    Cnidarians: True Tissues
    19.3 Flatworms, Molluscs, and Annelids: The Lophotrochozoans
    Flatworms: Bilateral Symmetry
    Annelids: Segmented Worms
    19.4 Roundworms and Arthropods: The Ecdysozoans
    Roundworms: Pseudocoelomates
    Arthropods: Jointed Appendages
    19.5 Echinoderms and Chordates: The Deuterostomes
    Fishes: First Jaws and Lungs
    Amphibians: Jointed Vertebrate Limbs
    Reptiles: Amniotic Egg
    Mammals: Hair and Mammary Glands
    19.6 Human Evolution
    Evolution of Humanlike Hominins
    Evolution of Modern Humans
    Part V Plant Structure and Function
    CHAPTER 20 Plant Anatomy and Growth
    20.1 Plant Cells and Tissues
    Epidermal Tissue
    Ground Tissue
    Vascular Tissue
    20.2 Plant Organs
    Monocots Versus Eudicots
    20.3 Organization of Leaves, Stems, and Roots
    20.4 Plant Nutrition
    Adaptations of Roots for Mineral Uptake
    20.5 Transport of Nutrients
    Water Transport in Xylem
    Sugar Transport in Phloem
    CHAPTER 21 Plant Responses and Reproduction
    21.1 Plant Hormones
    Abscisic Acid
    21.2 Plant Responses
    21.3 Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
    Overview of the Plant Life Cycle
    From Spores to Fertilization
    Development of the Seed in a Eudicot
    Monocots Versus Eudicots
    Fruit Types and Seed Dispersal
    Germination of Seeds
    21.4 Asexual Reproduction and Genetic Engineering in Plants
    Propagation of Plants in a Garden
    Propagation of Plants in Tissue Culture
    Genetic Engineering of Plants
    Part VI Animal Structure and Function
    CHAPTER 22 Being Organized and Steady
    22.1 The Body’s Organization
    Epithelial Tissue Protects
    Connective Tissue Connects and Supports
    Muscular Tissue Moves the Body
    Nervous Tissue Communicates
    22.2 Organs and Organ Systems
    Transport and Protection
    Maintenance of the Body
    Sensory Input and Motor Output
    22.3 Homeostasis
    Organ Systems and Homeostasis
    Negative Feedback
    CHAPTER 23 The Transport Systems
    23.1 Open and Closed Circulatory Systems
    Open Circulatory Systems
    Closed Circulatory Systems
    Comparison of Vertebrate Circulatory Pathways
    23.2 Transport in Humans
    The Human Heart
    Blood Vessels
    Lymphatic System
    Capillary Exchange in the Tissues
    23.3 Blood: A Transport Medium
    Formed Elements
    Cardiovascular Disorders
    CHAPTER 24 The Maintenance Systems
    24.1 Respiratory System
    The Human Respiratory Tract
    Lungs and External Exchange of Gases
    Transport and Internal Exchange of Gases
    24.2 Urinary System
    Human Kidney
    Problems with Kidney Function
    CHAPTER 25 Digestion and Human Nutrition
    25.1 Digestive System
    Complete and Incomplete Digestive Systems
    The Digestive Tract
    Accessory Organs
    Digestive Enzymes
    25.2 Nutrition
    Introducing the Nutrients
    25.3 The Classes of Nutrients
    25.4 Understanding Nutrition Guidelines
    Updating Dietary Guidelines
    Visualizing Dietary Guidelines
    Dietary Supplements
    The Bottom Line
    25.5 Nutrition and Health
    Body Mass Index
    Disorders Associated with Obesity
    Eating Disorders
    CHAPTER 26 Defenses Against Disease
    26.1 Overview of the Immune System
    Lymphatic Organs
    Cells of the Immune System
    26.2 Nonspecific Defenses and Innate Immunity
    Barriers to Entry
    The Inflammatory Response
    The Complement System
    Natural Killer Cells
    26.3 Specific Defenses and Adaptive Immunity
    B Cells and the Antibody Response
    T Cells and the Cellular Response
    26.4 Immunizations
    26.5 Disorders of the Immune System
    Autoimmune Diseases
    CHAPTER 27 The Control Systems
    27.1 Nervous System
    Examples of Nervous Systems
    The Human Nervous System
    The Nerve Impulse
    The Synapse
    Drug Abuse
    The Central Nervous System
    The Peripheral Nervous System
    27.2 Endocrine System
    The Action of Hormones
    Hypothalamus and Pituitary Gland
    Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands
    Adrenal Glands
    CHAPTER 28 Sensory Input and Motor Output
    28.1 The Senses
    Chemical Senses
    Hearing and Balance
    Cutaneous Receptors and Proprioceptors
    28.2 The Motor Systems
    Types of Skeletons
    The Human Skeleton
    Skeletal Muscle Structure and Physiology
    CHAPTER 29 Reproduction and Embryonic Development
    29.1 How Animals Reproduce
    Asexual Versus Sexual Reproduction
    Sexual Reproduction
    29.2 Human Reproduction
    Male Reproductive System
    Female Reproductive System
    Control of Reproduction
    Sexually Transmitted Diseases
    29.3 Human Embryonic Development
    Early Embryonic Development
    Later Embryonic Development
    Fetal Development and Birth
    Part VII Ecology
    CHAPTER 30 Ecology and Populations
    30.1 The Scope of Ecology
    Ecology: A Biological Science
    30.2 The Human Population
    Present Population Growth
    Future Population Growth
    More-Developed Versus Less-Developed Countries
    Comparing Age Structures
    Population Growth and Environmental Impact
    30.3 Characteristics of Populations
    Distribution and Density
    Population Growth
    Patterns of Population Growth
    Factors That Regulate Population Growth
    30.4 Life History Patterns and Extinction
    CHAPTER 31 Communities and Ecosystems
    31.1 Ecology of Communities
    Community Composition and Diversity
    Ecological Succession
    Interactions in Communities
    Community Stability
    31.2 Ecology of Ecosystems
    Energy Flow and Chemical Cycling
    Chemical Cycling
    31.3 Ecology of Major Ecosystems
    Primary Productivity
    CHAPTER 32 Human Impact on the Biosphere
    32.1 Conservation Biology
    32.2 Biodiversity
    Direct Values of Biodiversity
    Indirect Values of Biodiversity
    32.3 Resources and Environmental Impact
    Other Sources of Pollution
    32.4 Sustainable Societies
    Today’s Society
    Characteristics of a Sustainable Society
    Appendix A Periodic Table of the Elements & The Metric System
    Appendix B Answer Key


    Essentials of Biology PDF

    Author(s): Sylvia S. Mader; Michael Windelspecht

    Year: 2018

    ISBN: 9781259660269




    Buy From Amazon

    Related Results : essentials of biology,essentials of biology 6th edition chegg,essentials of biology 6th edition with access code,essentials of biology 6th edition with connect,essentials of biology connect accessessentials of biology connect access code,

    Related More Books
    Thanks For Visiting Our Website To Support Us, Keep Share On Social Media.