|Handbook of Petroleum Product Analysis
Handbook of Petroleum Product Analysis 2nd Edition by James G. Speight, Ph.D., Dsc | PDF Free Download.
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Handbook of Petroleum Product Analysis 2nd Edition
Petroleum Product Analysis Contents
- Petroleum and Petroleum Products
- Analytical Methods
- Sampling and Measurement
- Naphtha and Solvents
- Aviation and Marine Fuels
- Diesel Fuel
- Distillate Fuel Oil
- Residual Fuel Oil
- White Oil
- Lubricating Oil
- Residua and Asphalt
- Coke, Carbon Black, and Graphite
- Use of the Data
Preface to Handbook of Petroleum Product Analysis PDF
The success of the first edition of this text has been the primary factor in the decision to publish a second edition.
During the period (2002–2014) between editions, petroleum products have continued to be produced and used for many different purposes with widely differing requirements leading to criteria for quality which are numerous and complex.
In addition, the demand for petroleum products, particularly liquid fuels (gasoline and diesel fuel) and petrochemical feedstocks (such as aromatics and olefins), is increasing worldwide.
Traditional markets such as North America and Europe are experiencing a steady increase in demand whereas emerging Asian markets, such as India and China, are witnessing a rapid surge in demand for liquid fuels.
This has resulted in a tendency for the evolution of product specifications caused by various environmental regulations. In many countries, especially in the United States and Europe, gasoline and diesel fuel specifications have changed radically in the past decade (since the publication of the first edition of this book) and will continue to do so in the future.
Currently, reducing the sulfur levels of liquid fuels is the dominant objective of many refiners. This is enhancing the need for accurate analysis of petroleum.
Refineries must, and indeed are eager to, adapt to changing circumstances and are amenable to trying new technologies that are radically different in character.
Currently, refineries are also looking to exploit heavy (more viscous) crude oils and tar sand bitumen (sometimes referred to as extra heavy crude oil) provided they have the refinery technology capable of handling such feedstocks.
Transforming the higher boiling constituents of these feedstocks components into liquid fuels is becoming a necessity. It is no longer a simple issue of mixing the heavy feedstock with conventional petroleum to make up a blended refinery feedstock.
Incompatibility issues arise that can, if not anticipated, close down a refinery or, at best, a major section of the refinery.
Therefore handling such feedstocks requires technological change, including more effective and innovative use of hydrogen within the refinery. Heavier crude oil could also be contaminated with sulfur and metal particles that must be detected and removed to meet quality standards.
Thus, this book will deal with the various aspects of petroleum product analysis and will provide a detailed explanation of the necessary standard tests and procedures that are applicable to products in order to help predefine predictability of petroleum behavior during refining.
In addition, the application of new methods for determining instability and incompatibility as well as analytical methods related to environmental regulations will be described.
Each chapter is written as a stand-alone chapter that has necessitated some repetition. Repetition is considered necessary for the reader to have all of the relevant information at hand especially where there are tests that can be applied to several products.
Where this was not possible, crossreferences to the pertinent chapter are included. Several general references are listed for the reader to consult and obtain a more detailed description of petroleum products.
No attempt has been made to be exhaustive in the citations of such works. Thereafter, the focus is to cite the relevant test methods that are applied to petroleum products.
The reader might also be surprised at the number of older references that are included. The purpose of this is to remind the reader that much valuable work is cited in the older literature.
Work which is still of value and, even though in some cases, there has been similar work performed with advanced equipment, the older work has stood the test of time.
However, the text still maintains its initial premise that is to introduce the reader to the analytical science of petroleum and petroleum products the standard test methods are up to date and any test methods abandoned or declared obsolete since the publication of the first edition are no longer included.
In addition, throughout the chapters, no preference is given to any particular tests. To this end, all lists of tests are ordered alphabetically in the References Section and a newly created Appendix (Tables A01–A029 that are organized by function) contains a more comprehensive list of the various standard test methods.
Thus, it is the purpose of this book to identify quality criteria appropriate analysis and testing. In addition, the book has been adjusted, polished, and improved for the benefit of new readers as well as for the benefit of readers of the first edition.
Handbook of Petroleum Product Analysis
Author(s): James G. Speight
Series: Chemical Analysis: A Series of Monographs on Analytical Chemistry and Its Applications
Publisher: Wiley, Year: 2015
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